Many women, with age, begin to worry about the issue of menopause and high blood pressure: it either rises or decreases sharply, which creates an additional load on the vessels and can lead to dangerous consequences. Estrogen deficiency causes malfunctioning of various organs and systems, including cardiovascular one. What is the danger of having menopause hypertension and how to treat this condition?
Does Menopause Cause High Blood Pressure?
Sex hormone-sensitive receptors are found in many organs and systems of the female body. Estrogens support the elasticity of blood vessels and their resistance to pressure drops.
After the cessation of menstruation and at the intermediate stage of the climacteric period, nature for some reason begins to consider the woman “unpromising” because of the inability to become pregnant and prolong the genus. This should not frighten or upset you – today, every woman can and should help her body maintain beauty and health with the help of accessible and reasonably safe hormonal drugs. But, not only a lack of estrogen leads to menopause high blood pressure in women – often the females themselves create the conditions for the development of menopause hypertension and vascular diseases.
Provocative Factors For High Blood Pressure Menopause
Indeed, menopause causes high blood pressure but why does it happen? As practice shows, high blood pressure in menopause in women is not only the result of a lack of estrogen. The prerequisites for the development of hypertension appear much earlier, but women just don’t notice them. Few people measure it even several times a week if there are no complaints about well-being. And hypertension often debuts from a young and middle age.
And the following factors contribute to this:
- the presence of excess weight;
- constant stress;
- lack of night sleep;
- high cholesterol level;
- non-compliance with the principles of healthy eating;
- alcohol intake, smoking;
- refusal of sports, lack of exercise;
- certain chronic diseases, including diabetes.
Specialists have long noticed that menopause and high blood pressure spikes more often occur if a combination of several unfavorable factors affects the body: lack of exercise, poor nutrition, and stress. But if you wish, you can influence this situation and reduce the risk of developing of menopause hypertension, the appearance surges after 45-50 years if you adjust your lifestyle.
Menopause + Hypertension Treatment. What to Begin With?
What to do with an increase in blood pressure with menopause? First of all, of course, you need to see a general practitioner and/or cardiologist. The specialist will prescribe a comprehensive examination to assess the work of the heart and blood vessels, to establish the risks of possible complications.
The diagnosis of menopause and high blood pressure spikes necessarily includes determining the level of sex hormones. It is extremely important to establish at what stage of the menopause the woman is and how her ovaries work. Based on this information, the gynecologist together with the endocrinologist will select hormone replacement therapy.
Menopause and High Blood Pressure Symptoms
The instability of blood pressure during the menopause is expressed by the following clinical manifestations:
- recurring headaches that can be combined with nausea, sweating, hot flashes, and general weakness;
- redness of the skin of the face and neck;
- tissue pastiness, the appearance of edema;
- decreased urine output;
- decreased performance;
- pain in the chest area, which can give to the clavicle and shoulder blade.
When assessing the risk of complications, it is important to take into account all the changes that occur in the woman’s body against the background of hormonal changes. During menopause, the work of not only the cardiovascular but also the nervous system changes. Even from minor stress, a woman can sweat a lot. Domestic and professional problems lead to irritability, tearfulness, panic fears.
Many women during this period feel overwhelmed, unnecessary, and these negative emotions cause sharp changes in blood pressure. Try to maintain a positive attitude, and then you can survive the hypertension menopause without risk to health.
Treatment for Menopause and Hypertension
How to deal with high blood pressure and menopause? Sharp fluctuations in blood pressure weaken the already weak wall of blood vessels, increasing its wear rate. If a woman also has a high cholesterol level, then, the risk of stroke and thrombosis increases sharply. Therefore, treatment should be aimed not only at lowering blood pressure, but, also, at stabilizing it.
Without the results of the examination, it is impossible to say exactly how to reduce the blood pressure during menopause in a particular patient. Therefore, treatment always begins with a diagnosis. Symptomatic therapy includes the appointment of drugs for menopause hypertension, which quickly normalizes blood pressure, removing the risk of complications in the presence of a hypertensive crisis. In addition, beta-blockers, sedatives, drugs that inhibit the production of norepinephrine are prescribed. The selection of medicines is carried out strictly on an individual basis, assessing not only the level of blood pressure but also the presence of concomitant diseases and the level of female sex hormones.
Remember: if the doctor prescribes medications to lower blood pressure with confirmed hypertension menopause, the drugs are taken daily at the prescribed dosage. You can not use such medicines on your own, only when you feel worse. This will lead to even greater pressure surges.
Correction of Diet and Lifestyle
For all women prone to the development of hypertension and diseases of the cardiovascular system, in the premenopausal period and in menopause, it is recommended to keep to the following rules:
- adhere to the principles of good nutrition, limit fatty and fried foods, salt;
- quit smoking and alcoholic beverages;
- change your attitude to stresses, increase psychoemotional stability;
- increase physical activity, because sports have a positive effect not only on the cardiovascular system but also on the emotional sphere and hormonal levels.
Correction of diet and lifestyle helps not only restore normal blood pressure, but also get rid of other symptoms of menopause: hot flashes, mood swings, excessive sweating, and insomnia.