Breast pain after menopause is a general term used to mean discomfort, sensitivity, or pain in one or both mammary glands when touched or pressured. Some authors use the term more generally to indicate any chest discomfort. In addition to pain in the gland tissue itself, sometimes chest pain can be caused by extra-mammary causes.
A common cause of mammary glands soreness is inflammation of the cartilage at the junction of the ribs with the sternum (Titz disease). This reason, as a rule, is successfully treated with rest and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. American doctors recommend starting a “diary of pain”. For many women, this is enough to critically evaluate anxiety and stop paying attention to the feeling of fullness in the glands. Soreness of the mammary glands can manifest itself in different ways at different periods of a woman’s life cycle and can vary depending on the unique physiology and genetics of the fairer sex. However, some symptoms are common to this pathology.
Symptoms Of Breast Pain After Menopause
Let’s see how and why the mammary glands hurt after menopause. Soreness of the mammary glands during this period can be constant or periodic, in one mammary gland or in both.
Common signs of soreness of mammary glands:
- breast swelling;
- breast tenderness;
- aching pains;
- discomfort during movement;
- pain during sleep;
- tingling sensation;
- constant pain.
Breast Pain After Menopause Causes
Hormonal changes are the main cause of cyclic soreness of breasts. During this period, hormone levels fluctuate. Sudden jumps and the fall of these hormones can lead to the appearance of the tenderness of the mammary glands with menopause.
Rare causes of breast pain during perimenopause:
- breast cysts;
- benign processes;
- mammary cancer;
- chest injuries;
- previous operations on the mammary gland;
- breast size is too large;
Common causes of hormonal disorders and, as a result, fibrocystic breast pain after menopause:
- taking certain medications;
- alcohol consumption;
- liver disease;
For some women, breast pain after menopause is caused by too little or too much estrogen in the blood. It should be noted, for others, this pathology manifests itself with a low level of progesterone. No specific hormone has been isolated as the only cause of chest discomfort during menopause. In addition, hormone replacement therapy (HRT), which is used for menopause, also contributes to the soreness of the mammary glands. This explains why some women on HRT continue to experience breast soreness even with menopause. Knowing the causes of the tenderness of the mammary glands with menopause, you can understand the principles of treatment for this symptom. These approaches range from lifestyle correction and natural treatments to more invasive medical procedures.
Breast Pain After Menopause Treatment Approach
A woman who wants to get rid of chest pain can use three methods:
- to change the lifestyle;
- to use alternative medicine;
- to apply medication and surgery.
Women are encouraged to start with the least simple treatment for breast pain after menopause – lifestyle correction. In some cases, this is effective. But, sometimes other methods should be used.
Changing the lifestyle is the first level of treatment for women who want to get rid of chest pain. However, this requires self-discipline and perseverance. For example, a sedentary lifestyle or a high-fat diet can increase chest pain. The main methods of treatment are the following, a person should:
- go for a walk for half an hour to one hour daily;
- wear a supportive bra while playing sports and even sleep in it;
- use relaxation techniques, including visualization and breathing techniques;
- eat foods low in fat;
- increase the intake of fiber beans, raspberries, artichokes, and avocados;
- reduce salt intake to reduce fluid retention (there are natural diuretics such as parsley, celery, and cucumbers);
- take a good multivitamin complex;
- reduce caffeine and alcohol intake.
It was found that reducing fats to 20% of total calories led to a significant reduction in the soreness of the mammary glands. Many doctors note a decrease in complaints in patients who refused coffee.
There are several alternative medicine methods that help with mastalgia. Herbs and supplements are the most popular, although acupuncture, massage, homeopathy, and hypnosis can be used. Women prefer herbs. In the case of herbal supplements, there are two types of herbs that are used in the treatment of breast pain after menopause: phytoestrogens and anti-estrogenic herbs.
Phytoestrogens (flax, rice, soy, lentils, oats, barley, alfalfa) are similar in effect to estrogen. These herbs must be used first, introducing them into the body. However, the self-estrogen production of a woman’s body may be impaired.
Anti-estrogen herbs do not contain hormones. They act on the cells of the pituitary gland and endocrine glands, forcing them to better produce hormones in the required dosage. This applies not only to estradiol but also to progesterone with testosterone. Anti-estrogenic medicinal herbs (comfrey, Passeriformes, oxen, blush, black root, hemlock) can be considered safe, naturally, when the body is capable of producing its own hormones. In Europe, evening primrose oil and fish oil are recommended for the treatment of breast pain after menopause.
Sometimes, doctors prescribe small doses of tamoxifen for 3-6 months to treat chest pain or hormone replacement therapy (HRT). But, unfortunately, this may be a prerequisite for the occurrence of certain types of cancer, heart disease, and blood vessels. The question of the intake of the hormonal drug must be thoroughly discussed with the health provider.
All three levels of treatment can be used depending on the duration and severity of complaints. It is worthwhile to warn that self-medication with undetected causes of breast swelling after menopause is fraught with serious consequences. Be sure to get a proper examination before starting to buy any medical preparations. Based on the clinical picture, the doctor can not only stop breast pain after menopause but also help reduce the severity of other manifestations of menopause. This approach allows you to adequately survive the difficult period in the life of every woman, to avoid irreparable mistakes. Be attentive and careful with your health.
The cause of chest pain during menopause can have a hormonal basis or a disease of the mammary glands that the woman already had at the time of climax onset. A qualified doctor will help you cope with breast pain discomfort. They will diagnose and prescribe the relevant treatment. To maintain good health on an ongoing basis, get rid of bad habits, eat well, and exercise.
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