There are many different causes of bone breakdown in women, which can begin before menopause. The insidiousness of this pathology is that a woman does not feel its signs for a long period. The prevention of osteoporosis in menopause is very important. It is during this period that there is increased destruction of the structure of bone mass, which can create serious problems for the health of women.
Osteoporosis menopause is a disease of the musculoskeletal system, in which there is a thinning of bone tissue, its fragility increases. This is most intense during menopause when the female sex hormones responsible for restoring bone mass cease to be produced.
TOP 10 Facts About Osteoporosis:
- Osteoporosis manifests itself mainly at the age of over 60 years, it has severe consequences for patients: chronic pain and prolonged bed rest due to bone fractures.
- The increased risk of osteoporosis after menopause is the result of a decrease in the production of estrogen, which occurs in the postmenopausal period, causes functional changes in all hormone-dependent organs and can lead to the development of several diseases, including the effect on calcium-phosphorus-magnesium metabolism. This contributes to the development of postmenopausal osteoporosis.
- There are no methods to survey the general population for the diagnosis of early menopause osteoporosis, which makes it difficult to assess the prevalence of the disease in the world.
- Based on the data of medical statistics, it can be concluded that presumably from 25% to 35% of women aged 65 years suffer from manifest osteoporosis-reduced bone density and fractures without a significant cause.
- The most vulnerable are light-skinned thin women. Women with osteoporosis and menopause spend more time in the hospital than due to another pathology.
- If there is a family history of osteoporosis, the likelihood of the disease increases.
- Smoking increases the risk of osteoporosis after menopause because along with many negative factors it has an impact on health. Because of smoking, the smallest blood vessels (capillaries) are narrowed and this impairs the access of nutrients to the bones.
- Elevated sugar levels have been shown to damage bones in both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Therefore, it is important to control the level of sugar. Diabetes-related conditions, such as damage to the eyes and nerves, can be the main reasons for falls and fractures.
- Forearm fractures and vertebral body changes are the most common fractures resulting from osteoporosis. The number of altered vertebrae increases exponentially with age. If at the age of 60 years the percentage is still not statistically high, then after this the number of fractures among women increases than among men twice.
- How to prevent osteoporosis after menopause? The menopausal osteoporosis treatment prescribed for the prevention of osteoporosis and fractures in women is menopausal hormone therapy.