Ovarian Cyst After Menopause: Causes and Treatment

Ovarian Cyst After Menopause: Causes and Treatment | MenopauseCoach.com

An ovarian cyst after menopause develops under the influence of changes in the body of a woman. However, some types of formations that can occur during the reproductive period do not bother patients older than 50 years. The main danger of the presence of ovarian cyst at this age is the likelihood of its degeneration into a malignant tumor.

Specialists claim that definite groups of females are more likely to have such kind of pathology. Stress-factors that provoke the formation of the simple ovarian cyst after menopause are:

  • premature climax;
  • earlier diseases of the sex glands;
  • absence of childbearing and a full course of breastfeeding;
  • past or ongoing infectious diseases of the genitals;
  • numerous abortions;
  • previous incorrect intake of hormonal contraceptives, especially, without prescription.

Typical Kinds Of Postmenopausal Ovarian Cysts

The ovarian cysts in women can be of two main kinds – functional and epithelial. The first one grows because of the presence of the irregularities in the menstruation cycle. There are numerous cases when the formations of such type pass on their own. After the actual menopause, menstruation is absent for 12 months at least, therefore, the potential risk of the happening of such malaise tends to zero. The functional tumors on the ovaries are present in a woman’s body after the climacteric only with the continuation of menstrual cycles.

Epithelial pathologies are able to appear at any time. They are considered to be the most dangerous – these are the ones that tend to devolve into pernicious tumors. 

The ovarian cyst types:

  • Papillary. The tumor of this kind has many papillae, which are predisposed to enlarge in size actively. They are able to penetrate into the walls of neighboring organs.
  • Endometrioid. If not to undergo the therapy for endometriosis, that disease ends in the emergence of the endometrioid pathology. Usually, it is filled with a liquid of brown color.
  • Mucinous. The formation is able to grow quickly. It is a combination of several mucus-filled entities.
  • Serous. This is a single formation that has a round shape with a liquid inside.
  • Paraovarial. Often, it has liquid inside and grows to immense sizes.
  • Dermoid. Usually, this formation occurs in the womb but is able to grow all life.

Each kind of the tumor on the ovary after the climax most often affects only one ovary. With their bilateral presence, a more serious approach to treatment is required, most often this implies the application of the emergency surgical intervention.

Causes of Pathology Of Ovaries

The reasons for the formation of cysts in postmenopausal women are often connected with risk factors. The main reasons why the simple ovarian cyst after menopause form can be the following:

  • hormonal failure that is often present with menopause;
  • the erythrogenic activity in the reproductive organs;
  • uterine bleeding of various intensities;
  • taking the hormonal medications without a doctor’s prescription;
  • premature beginning of the climacteric period;
  • the presence of bacteria in the genital organs;
  • gynecological surgical interventions in the past.

Most often, a postmenopausal formation on the sex gland is promoted by the hormonal changes that are typical for the phase of the climacteric changes.

Symptoms of Ovarian Cyst After Menopause

Symptoms of Ovarian Cyst After Menopause

At the initial phase of the evolution of the formation on the sex gland in the post-climacteric, it is rarely accompanied by any ovarian cyst symptoms after menopause. Signs of its presence appear in time, meanwhile, the cyst of the ovary enlarges in size. 

Symptoms of ovarian cyst:

  • the multiplied necessity to urinate;
  • visual asymmetry of the stomach;
  • pronounced pain in the lower abdomen during the sexual act;
  • spotting from the vagina;
  • phlebeurysm;
  • constipation.

These ovarian cyst symptoms happen when the pathology is of large dimensions. Many of them are connected with the immense pressure of the tumor on the ovary after the climax on neighboring organs. It can be expressed by the appearance of varicose veins, disruption of the intestines, etc.

Ovarian Cyst Treatment

The choice of the ovarian cyst treatment method is based on the dimension of formation and its type, woman’s age, her individual characteristics. To annihilate the pathology, medical, surgical, or some homeopathic therapies are used. Often, to achieve the best possible effects, treatment methods for ovarian cyst icd 10 are combined.

The most common ways to deal with the hemorrhagic ovarian cyst are medication and surgical methods:

Medication intake

This type of therapy is appurtenant for formations of no more than 5-7 cm in diameter that are not likely to grow rapidly. The cure of the pathology of the sex glands with medication is prescribed only for the damage of one ovary, with a low probability of a malignant process.

Preparations for eliminating the ovarian cyst icd 10 pathology:

  • hormonal drugs – they are used in perimenopause or with hormonal types of ovarian cysts;
  • antitumor medicines – agents inhibit the growth of the formation, diminish its dimensions enhancing local blood supply. Also, they allow a formation with menopause dissolve on its own;
  • immunostimulants – they improve the overall immunity state;
  • anti-inflammatory medications – these are prescribed in the presence of erythrogenic processes in the reproductive organs;
  • painkillers – preparations stimulate the patient to feel less pain;
  • antibacterial drugs – those are necessary if the genital tract infections are present.

When treating without surgery, a postmenopausal woman with a pathology of the sex glands is advised not to have sex, omit excessive physical labor, and draw up a balanced diet. This will help promote the remedial process. If it is medically impossible to treat hemorrhagic ovarian cyst after menopause or the prescribed drugs do not have an effect, surgery is preferable to conduct.

Surgical intervention 

Surgical intervention Ovarian Cyst

Most types of epithelial formations on the ovaries after the climacteric are removed by surgery. Cases of curing the malignant ovary tumor in the late climacteric are most typical precisely after surgery. This is due to the biggest effect of this practice of ovarian cyst treatment among others and low risk of reoccurrence of pathology. In the absence of supportive illnesses, complete recovery occurs after 1-3 months after the intervention.

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Emma J. Johnson

Menopause consultant and sex therapist, media personality, author, woman health expert.

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